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New ORNL software improves neutron spectroscopy data resolution

Neutron spectroscopy is an important tool for studying magnetic and thermoelectric properties in materials. But often the resolution, or the ability of the instrument to see fine details, is too coarse to clearly observe ...

Spider-Man-style robotic graspers defy gravity

Specially designed vacuum suction units allow humans to climb walls. Scientists have developed a suction unit that can be used on rough surfaces, no matter how textured, and that has applications in the development of climbing ...

How sensitive can a quantum detector be?

Quantum physics is moving out of the laboratory and into everyday life. Despite headline results about quantum computers solving problems impossible for classical computers, technical challenges are standing in the way of ...

How biology creates networks that are cheap, robust, and efficient

From veins that deliver oxygen to tissues to xylem that send water into stems and leaves, vascular networks are a crucial component of life. In biology, there is a wide range of unique patterns, like the individualized structures ...

Predicting hydraulic fracture propagation more accurately

Researchers at EPFL have developed a new model to calculate hydraulic fracture propagation. Acclaimed for its accuracy by experts, the model better predicts fracture geometry and the energy cost of hydraulic fracturing—a ...

AlphaZero learns to rule the quantum world

The chess world was amazed when the computer algorithm AlphaZero learned, after just four hours on its own, to beat the best chess programs built on human expertise. Now a research group at Aarhus University in Denmark has ...

Deep learning enables real-time imaging around corners

Researchers have harnessed the power of a type of artificial intelligence known as deep learning to create a new laser-based system that can image around corners in real time. With further development, the system might let ...

Exploring tiny forces with single molecule force spectroscopy

In terms of space organization, DNA has powers rivaling Marie Kondo. A strand of DNA that is two meters long intricately folds itself into a cell nucleus only 10 microns across. (One of the hairs on your head has a diameter ...

Precise measurements find a crack in universal physics

The concept of universal physics is intriguing, as it enables researchers to relate physical phenomena in a variety of systems, irrespective of their varying characteristics and complexities. Ultracold atomic systems are ...

High-gravity water waves

What might look like jelly being stirred is actually water subjected to 20 times normal Earth gravity within ESA's Large Diameter Centrifuge—as part of an experiment giving new insight into the behavior of wave turbulence.

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Quantum Physics
Brain-inspired computing for a post-Moore's Law era
Condensed Matter
Spinning quantum dots
Condensed Matter
The mysterious movement of water molecules
General Physics
Scientists explain how leaf apex enhances water drainage
Optics & Photonics
Diabolical points in coupled active cavities with quantum emitters
General Physics
Magnetic storms originate closer to Earth than previously thought, threatening satellites
General Physics
Reliable and extremely fast quantum calculations with germanium transistors
Condensed Matter
Physicists prove that 2-D and 3-D liquids are fundamentally different
Condensed Matter
New classes of topological crystalline insulators having surface rotation anomaly
Quantum Physics
How to verify that quantum chips are computing correctly
General Physics
Connecting the dots in the sky could shed new light on dark matter
Optics & Photonics
Colloidal quantum dot laser diodes are just around the corner
General Physics
New quantum loop provides testbed for quantum communication technology
General Physics
Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
General Physics
Robotic gripping mechanism mimics how sea anemones catch prey
Optics & Photonics
Solving complex problems at the speed of light
Optics & Photonics
Slow light to speed up LiDAR sensors development
Optics & Photonics
Hyperuniform disordered waveguides and devices for near infrared silicon photonics
Quantum Physics
Influential electrons? Physicists uncover a quantum relationship
General Physics
Tuning optical resonators gives researchers control over transparency

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Environment
Local water availability is permanently reduced after planting forests
Plants & Animals
Strongly 'handed' squirrels less good at learning
Space Exploration
SpaceX launches, destroys rocket in astronaut escape test
Space Exploration
Rough seas delay escape test for SpaceX crew capsule
Environment
Study verifies a missing piece to urban air quality puzzle
Plants & Animals
Male sparrows are less intimidated by the songs of aging rivals
Astronomy
XMM-Newton discovers scorching gas in Milky Way's halo
Plants & Animals
What is an endangered species?
Evolution
Human-caused biodiversity decline started millions of years ago
Plants & Animals
Climate may play a bigger role than deforestation in rainforest biodiversity
Space Exploration
Scientists measure the evolving energy of a solar flare's explosive first minutes
Materials Science
Newly developed screening processes will accelerate carbon capture research
Astronomy
Here and gone: Outbound comets are likely of extra-solar origin
Archaeology & Fossils
Using machine learning to fine-tune views of the ancient past
Evolution
Study shows human ancestors could have consumed hard plant tissues without damaging their teeth
Plants & Animals
New dog, old tricks? Stray dogs can understand human cues
Economics & Business
Small economic gambles are insignificant when large background uncertainty is considered
Polymers
Ingestible medical devices can be broken down with light
Materials Science
Material developed which is heat-insulating and heat-conducting at the same time
Earth Sciences
'Melting rock' models predict mechanical origins of earthquakes